We have constructed a plasmid library containing cDNAs from Aspergillus nidulans fused to the activation domain of yeast GAL4. When transformed into S. cerevisiae the Hf7c reporter host strain containing a plasmid with a "bait" DNA fused to the GAL4 DNA binding domain, this library can be used to screen for interactions between the gene products encoded by the cDNA and the target protein encoded by the "bait" DNA.
The yeast two hybrid system (S. Fields and O-K Song, 1989 Nature 340:245-247) is designed to detect protein:protein interactions and has been used successfully to identify substrates of several protein kinases. In an effort to identify protein substrates for the Aspergillus nidulans calmodulin-dependent multifunctional protein kinase [ACMPK; (Bartelt et al. 1988 Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 85: 3279-3283)] we have constructed a cDNA library in a vector suitable for use in two-hybrid selection. Total RNA was prepared from R153 (wa3; pyroA4) mycelia harvested after 8, 12, 18 and 24 h of incubation at 37o C as described (Osmani et al., 1987 J. Cell Biol. 104: 1495-1504). Since Northern analysis of total RNA samples indicated that levels of mRNA encoding ACMPK were highest in samples collected after 8 h of incubation, polyA+ RNA was isolated from this sample using an mRNA Separator Kit (Clontech Laboratories, Inc., Palo Alto, CA). Synthesis of cDNA was accomplished using a c-Clone IITM cDNA Synthesis Kit (Clontech Laboratories, Inc.). First strand cDNA synthesis was primed with both oligo(dT)15 and a random d(N)6 primer to increase the representation of sequences in the 5' region of the cDNAs. Subsequent to second strand synthesis, the size of the cDNA products were analyzed by alkaline agarose gel electrophoresis and shown to range from 0.5 to 4.5 kb. The cDNA was protected with EcoRI methylase, digested with S1 nuclease to remove any hairpin loops, and single stranded ends were filled in using Klenow fragment, prior to the ligation of EcoRI linkers. The cDNA was digested with EcoRI and ligated into the multicloning site of pGAD424 (Bartel et al. 1993 in Cellular Interactions in Development: A Practical Approach Oxford University Press, pp.153-179), a plasmid containing the yeast GAL4 activation domain sequence and the yeast LEU2 and E. coli ampr genes. The resulting plasmid library was propagated in E. coli HB101 a strain which is auxotrophic for leucine. The cDNA library in E. coli HB101 (2.5 x 106 transformants/ ug DNA), will be made available through the Fungal Genetics Stock Center.
Plasmid library DNA suitable for two hybrid screening can be prepared from bacteria using kits such as a QIAfilter Maxi kit (QIAGEN, Inc., Catsworth, CA). To perform a two hybrid screen, "bait" DNA encoding a target gene product is cloned into pGBT9 (Figure 1A) containing TRP1 and ampr genes (Bartel et al. 1993 ibid), such that the DNA was in frame with the sequence encoding the GAL4 DNA binding domain. The plasmid is used to transform the S. cerevisiae reporter host strain Hf7c [((MATa ura3-52 his3-200 ade2-101 lys2-801 trp1-901, leu2-3,112 gal4-542 gal80-538 LYS2::GAL1UAS- GAL1TATA-HIS3 URA3 :: GAL4 17mers (x3) -CyC1TATA-lacZ));
( (Feiolotter, et al., 1994, Nuc. Acid Res. 22:1502-1503))]. The A. nidulans cDNA library in pGAD424 (Figure 1B) is then transformed into the resulting strain as described (Gietz et al., 1992, Nucl. Acid Res. 20:1425-1425). Cotransformants expressing HIS3, LEU2 and TRP1 are selected and screened for the expression of -galactosidase activity by a filter assay (Breeden. and Nasmyth, 1985, In Cold Spring Symposium on Quantitative Biology, 50:643-650). The library is compatible with the MatchmakerTM Two Hybrid System (Clontech Laboratories, Inc.) which contains all of the components necessary to perform a two hybrid screen with the requisite positive and negative controls.
Figure 1. Restriction maps of the yeast shuttle vectors used in a two hybrid screen.
1A., plasmid pGBT9 containing a multicloning site (MCS) into which DNA encoding a target protein can be ligated such that it is in frame with the DNA binding domain of GAL4. The plasmid also contains the TRP1 gene as a selectable marker in yeast and ampr gene for selection in bacteria. The vector is available as part of the MatchmakerTM Two Hybrid System from Clontech Laboratories, Inc. 1B., A. nidulans cDNA library in pGAD424, a plasmid containing the LEU2 gene as a selectable marker in yeast and ampr gene for selection in bacteria.
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Last modified 7/25/96 KMC