The pregc strain of Neurospora
crassa has abnormal vesicles when grown on both low- and
Sérgio R. Nozawa1, Geraldo Thedei Jr.2, Claudia H. Pellizzon3 and Antonio Rossi1 - 1Dept Química, FFCLRP-USP, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil, 2ICBS-UNIUBE, Uberaba, MG, Brazil and 3IB-UNESP, Botucatú, Brazil.
The genetic and molecular mechanisms controlling the synthesis of de-repressible phosphatases in Neurospora crassa include four regulatory genes, nuc-2, preg, pgov, and nuc-1, involved in a hierarchical relationship (Metzenberg, 1979. Microbiol. Rev. 43: 361-383). The action of the transcriptional activator nuc-1, required for the expression of phosphorous-specific genes such as pho-2 (which encodes a Pi-repressible alkaline phosphatase), is antagonised by the putative pgov-preg complex, which is antagonised by nuc-2, which in turn is antagonised by Pi or its derivatives (Peleg et al.1996. Fungal Genet. Biol. 20:185-191). Thus, nuc-1 is relieved from the negative effect of the pgov-preg complex in strains growing under derepressing conditions or in pregc mutant, selected for its ability to synthesise Pi-repressible alkaline phosphatase and secrete acid phosphatase constitutively. Actually, pregc strains still respond to variations in extracellular Pi levels. Strains 74A and pregc show not only distinct patterns of Pi-repressible alkaline phosphatase secretion, but also distinct properties for the enzyme, such as heat stability and kinetic behaviour for the hydrolysis of the substrate, as a function of variations in the exogenous Pi concentration. Furthermore, the pregc strain promptly starts to secrete the pho-2+-encoded alkaline phosphatase at pH 7.8, whereas strain 74A does so with a lag of at least 24 h (Thedei Jr. and Rossi, 1994. Plant Cell Physiol. 35: 837-840), an effect probably due to alterations in cell structure. Thus, electron micrographs of sectioned hyphae were taken to investigate further this response. For this, mycelia of strains 74A and pregc, grown for 72 h at 30oC, pH 5.4, and collected by centrifugation at full speed in a microtube, were incubated overnight at 4oC in a fixative solution containing 3.0% (v/v) glutaraldehyde and 0.1 M phosphate buffer, pH 7.4. After washing with phosphate buffer, mycelia were post-fixed for 2 h with 0.1% (w/v) OsO4 in 0.1 M phosphate buffer, pH 7.4. After washing again with phosphate buffer, samples were dehydrated and then embedded in epoxy resin. Ultrathin sections of hyphae were cut, stained with uranila acetate and Pb-subacetate (0.5% w/v) and transmission electron micrographs (TEM) were taken. As shown in Figure 1, many vesicles were located close to the plasma membrane or dispersed in the cytosol when strain 74A was grown in low- or high-Pi media, respectively, whereas a small number of large vesicles is observed when strain pregcA was grown in both low- and high-Pi media.
This work was supported by FAPESP, CNPq and CAPES. We thank Dr. Gregory May for helpful comments and Centro de Microscopia Eletrônica (IB-UNESP, Botucatu) for TEM analysis.
Figure 1. Transmission electron micrographs of sectioned hyphae of N. crassa. A, B represent sectioned hyphae of strain 74A grown at pH 5.4 in 10 mM Pi and 50 ÁM Pi, respectively. C, D represent sectioned hyphae of strain pregc grown at pH 5.4 in 10 mM Pi and 50 ÁM Pi, respectively. CW, M, V and G indicate cell wall, mitochondrion, vacuole and granule, respectively.
Return to the FGN 47 page
Return to the main FGN page
Return to the FGSC main page
Last modified 8/4/00 KMC